The Idea

The Indy Autonomous Challenge (IAC) is a 1.5 million dollar prize competition between universities for programming autonomously modified Dallara IL-15 racing cars. The Indy Autonomous Challenge builds on the successful 2005 DARPA Grand Challenge, which led to a sharp increase in research and development efforts in the field of autonomous vehicles. The teams will compete in the world's first autonomous head-to-head race at speeds of up to 300 km/h around the famous Indianapolis Motor Speedway on October 23, 2021.

The Goal

The goal of the TUM-IAC Teams is the development of a software which is able to handle an autonomous Level-5 vehicle at the vehicle dynamic limits on the racetrack with several vehicles. To achieve this goal, the individual team members work on sub-projects, each of which contributes to the overall software architecture of the autonomous vehicle. The focus is on dynamic path planning with several vehicles in the driving dynamic limit range on the one hand, and on the other hand on the perception of the environment and localization at high speeds. In order to achieve these goals, the behavior of the opposing racing vehicle must be predicted quickly and reliably on the one hand, and on the other hand, the driving dynamics limit for controlling the vehicle must be determined. Test drives with the IAC vehicle are then used to evaluate the real-time capability, performance and reliability of the newly developed algorithms.

The Team

The Technical University of Munich (TUM) has decided to participate in the IAC with its own team based on the knowledge of various institutes. The team will develop various functions for the operation of the autonomous racing car and subsequently evaluate them. The team consists of the following members:

Johannes Betz

Teammanager

Project Management

Vehicle Dynamics

Perception

Florian Sauerbeck

Perception

Project: Autonomous 1:10 cars

Mapping

Localization

Sebastian Huch

Perception

Project: End-to-End Learning for Autonomous Cars

Object Detection

Object Tracking

Felix Nobis

Perception

Project: Sensorfusion for Perception

Mapping

Object Detection

Maximilian Geißlinger

Path Planning

Project: Ethics for Autonomous Driving

Path Planning

Behavioral Planning

Matthias Rowold

Path Planning

Project: Trajectory Planning with Game Theory

Path Planning

Behavioral Planning

Alexander Heilmeier

Path Planning

Project: Strategy Decisions in Motorsports

Vehicle Dynamics

Path Planning

Phillip Karle

Path Planning

Project: Prediction for Self-driving Trucks

Prediction

Behavioral Planning

Tim Stahl

Path Planning

Project: Safety Assessment for Autonomous Cars

Path Planning

Safety Assessment

Thomas Herrmann

Vehicle Performance

Project: Energy Management for Racecars

Simulation

Vehicle Performance: Energy Management

Leonhard Hermansdorfer

Vehicle Performance

Project: Road Friction Prediction

Simulation

Vehicle Performance: Road Friction

Scientific Publications

Betz, J.; Wischnewski, A.; Heilmeier, A.; Nobis, F.; Stahl, T.; Hermansdorfer, L.; Lohmann, B.; Lienkamp, M.; „What can we learn form autonomous level 5 Motorsport?“ at the 10th international Chassis Symposium “Chassis.Tech Plus 2019”, Munich, Juni 2018, doi: 10.1007/978-3-658-22050-1_12

Heilmeier, A.; Graf, M.; Lienkamp, M.;"A Race Simulation for Strategy Decisions in Circuit Motorsports" at the 21th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC) 2018, Hawaii, October 2018,doi: 10.1109/ITSC.2018.8570012

Heilmeier, A.; Wischnewski, A.; Hermansdorfer, L.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M.; Lohmann, B.:"Minimum curvature trajectory planning and control for an autonomous race car" in Vehicle System Dynamics -  International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility, pp. 1–31, June 2019, doi: 10.1080/00423114.2019.1631455

Stahl, T.; Wischnewski, A.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M: “ROS-based localization of a race vehicle at high-speed using LIDAR“ in E3S Web of Conferences, vol. 95, p. 4002, 2019, doi: 10.1051/e3sconf/20199504002

Betz, J.; Wischnewski, A.; Heilmeier, A.; Nobis, F.; Stahl, T.; Hermansdorfer, L.; Lienkamp, M.; „A Software Architecture for an Autonomous Racecar“ at the 89th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2019-Spring), Kuala Lumpur, 2019, doi: 10.1109/VTCSpring.2019.8746367

Nobis, F.; Betz, J. ; Hermansdorfer, L.; Lienkamp, M.: “Autonomous Racing: A Comparison of SLAM Algorithms for Large Scale Outdoor Environments“ in Proceedings of the 2019 3rd International Conference on Virtual and Augmented Reality Simulations - ICVARS ’19, 2019, doi: 10.1145/3332305.3332319

Palafox, P.;  Betz, J.; Nobis, F.; Riedl, K.; Lienkamp, M.:  "Fusing Semantic Segmentation and Monocular Depth Estimation for Enabling Autonomous Driving in Roads Without Lane Lines" in Sensors, vol. 19, no. 14, p. 3224, Jul. 2019,  doi: 10.3390/s19143224

Heilmeier, A.; Geisslinger, M.; Betz, J.;"A Quasi-Steady-State Lap Time Simulation for Electrified Race Cars" at the 14th International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER2019), Monaco, 2019, doi: 10.1109/EVER.2019.8813646

Wischnewski, A.; Stahl, T.; Betz, J.; Lohmann, B.; „Vehicle Dynamics State Estimation and Localization for High Performance Race Cars “ IFAC-PapersOnLine, vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 154–161, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2019.08.064

Stahl, T.; Wischnewski, A.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M: “Multilayer Graph-Based Trajectory Planning for Race Vehicles in Dynamic Scenarios“ in 2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC), 2019, doi: 10.1109/ITSC.2019.8917032

Hermansdorfer, L.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M: “ A Concept for Estimation and Prediction of the Tire-Road Friction Potential for an Autonomous Racecar“ in 2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC), 2019, doi: 10.1109/ITSC.2019.8917024

Herrmann, T.; Christ, F.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M: “Energy Management Strategy for an Autonomous Electric Racecar using Optimal Control “ in 2019 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Conference (ITSC), 2019, doi: 10.1109/ITSC.2019.8917154

Wischnewski, A.; Betz, J.; Lohmann, B.: “A Model-Free Algorithm to Safely Approach the Handling Limit of an Autonomous Racecar“ in 2019 IEEE International Conference on Connected Vehicles and Expo (ICCVE 2019), Graz, Austria , 2019, doi: 10.1109/ICCVE45908.2019.8965218

Betz, J.; Wischnewski, A.; Heilmeier, A., Nobis, F.; Stahl, T.; Hermansdorfer, L.; Herrmann, T.; Lienkamp, M.;: “A Software Architecture for the Dynamic Path Planning of an Autonomous Racecar at the Limits of Handling“ in 2019 IEEE International Conference on Connected Vehicles and Expo (ICCVE 2019), doi: 10.1109/ICCVE45908.2019.8965238

Nobis, F.; Geisslinger, M.; Weber, M.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M.: "Learning-based Radar and Camera Sensor Fusion Architecture for Object Detection," in 2019 Sensor Data Fusion: Trends, Solutions, Applications (SDF), doi: 10.1109/SDF.2019.8916629

Christ, F.; Wischnewski, A.; Heilmeier, A.; Lohmann, B.: "Time-Optimal Trajectory Planning for a Race Car Considering Variable Tire-Road Friction Coefficients" in  Vehicle System Dynamics - International Journal of Vehicle Mechanics and Mobility, doi: 10.1080/00423114.2019.1704804

Betz, J.; Heilmeier, A.; Wischnewski, A.; Stahl, T.; Lienkamp, M.;: “Autonomous Driving - A Crash Explained in Detail“ in Applied Sciences, vol. 9, no. 23, p. 5126, Nov. 2019, https://doi.org/10.3390/app9235126

Stahl, T.; Betz. J; Diermeyer, F. : “Runtime Verification Concept for Autonomous Vehicles – Exemplary Study for the Planning Module of an Autonomous Race Vehicle“ in 23rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), September 2020, Rhodes, Greece, accepted, Fulltext (Preprint)

Nobis, F.; Betz. J; Lienkamp, M.: “Exploring the Capabilities and Limits of 3D Monocular Object Detection - A Study on Simulation and Real World Data“ in 23rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), September 2020, Rhodes, Greece, accepted, Fulltext (Preprint)

Herrmann, T.; Passigato, F.; Betz. J; Lienkamp, M.: “Minimum Race-Time Control-Strategy for an Autonomous Electric Racecar“ in 23rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), September 2020, Rhodes, Greece, accepted, Fulltext (Preprint)

Stahl, T.; Betz. J: “A Scenario Generator for Evaluating Path Planning Algorithms for Autonomous Driving” in 15th International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER2020), May 2020, Monaco, France, accepted, Fulltext (Preprint)

Nobis, F.; Papanikolaoi, O.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M: “Persistent Map Saving for Visual Localization for Autonomous Vehicles: An ORB-SLAM Extension” in 15th International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER2020), May 2020, Monaco, France, accepted, Fulltext(Preprint)

Hermansdorfer, L.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M: “Benchmarking of a software stack for autonomous racing against a professional human race driver” in 15th International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER2020), May 2020, Monaco, France, accepted, Fulltext(Preprint)

Heilmeier, A.; Graf, M.; Betz, J.; Lienkamp, M.: “Monte Carlo Simulation of Random Race Events in a Race Simulation for Circuit Motorsports” in Applied Sciences, doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/app10124229