Bachelor Mechanical Engineering

One degree course – many opportunities for specialization in Mechanical Engineering

Air taxis and hyperloop, teleoperated driving, the world's most efficient electric vehicle, humanoid robots, hightech sports equipment for athletes in national squads, flexible power plants for energy turnaround, holistic design of wind power plants, extremely heat-resistant materials for fusion reactors, plastics with antimicrobial properties for hospital applications, devices for minimally invasive surgery, process optimization in the production of lithium ion cells, CO2 as carbon source for fuel and chemical production: mechanical engineering studies at the Technical University of Munich TUM encompass all this and even more!

Multi-faceted like our Department's research is our Bachelor degree course in Mechanical Engineering. After completing the core courses that are compulsory for all specialization options, prospective engineers will embark on their chosen subjects: energy and process technology? Or rather automotive engineering and propulsion technology, aerospace engineering or mechatronics and robotics? Or preferably medical engineering and assistance systems? Perhaps also design, production and management in the context of mechanical engineering?

One thing is for sure: no matter which way you are going – it will open up exciting and promising perspectives for you. The choice is yours!

What's your personal contribution?

  • You want to give free reign to your inventive talent and explorative spirit and to research solutions to the technical challenges of the future?
  • Did you enjoy maths and sciences at school?
  • You wish to learn programming or you can already do it?
  • You have a creative mind and good spatial visualization abilities?
  • You carry on even when things get tiring?

You answered most questions with "yes"? Then all you need is a suitable higher education entrance qualification (HZB) (eg. the German Abitur) plus evidence of proficiency in the German language to participate in our selection procedure for the Bachelor Mechanical Engineering program.

Why study with us?

You will profit in many ways: firstly, from top-class teaching and research in mechanical engineering; secondly, from exceptionally good interdisciplinary study opportunities in other TUM departments; and thirdly, from TUM and Department of Mechanical Engineering cooperation with companies, industry partners and excellent research institutes, such as the Max Planck Institute for Plasmaphysics or the Fraunhofer Research Institution for Casting, Composite and Processing Technology (IGCV).

Our engineers set standards in both research and teaching, nationally and internationally. This is demonstrated in numerous rankings.

The large number of research areas opens up numerous opportunities for specialisation to students; your favoured direction will be represented. Just take a look!

At TUM, prospective founders receive exactly the support they need to implement their ideas and establish their start-up. It is not without reason that TUM is Germany's leader in the establishment of companies that are founded from within the university.

As a graduate of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, this opens up excellent future prospects for you in industry or research.

Excellent future prospects!

Our graduates have a great advantage over those from other universities:

  • According to a report in Wirtschaftswoche (accessed 25.04.2018), 34.3% of human resources staff surveyed indicated that TUM mechanical engineering graduates fulfilled the staff's expectations.
  • The Times Higher Education ranking (accessed 25.04.2018) demonstrates that TUM graduates are particularly well-prepared for the job market. According to the ranking, TUM leads the world in the employability of its graduates. This is due to TUM being an "entrepreneurial university" with a close-knit network of contacts in and cooperation with industry, and a supportive approach to company start-ups.

The demand for mechanical engineers remains high:

  • "Ingenieurmonitor 2017/IV"(accessed 24.04.2018) published by VDI lists a monthly average of 33,380 unfilled job vacancies in the last quarter of 2017 in the fields of mechanical engineering, automobile technology, energy and electrotechnology.
  • In the VDMA brochure 2016 "Ingenieure im Maschinen- und Anlagenbau" (accessed 24.04.2018), 77% of all businesses in the survey stated that they needed to recruit at least one further mechanical engineer.

Structure and content of the Bachelor degree course in Mechanical Engineering

Structure of the degree course

Six semesters are normally required to complete the Bachelor degree course in Mechanical Engineering. These are divided into a foundation course (semesters 1-4) and a specialisation course (semesters 5-6):

  • In the foundation course each semester has a set syllabus with lectures and practical work which can be augmented with tutorial sessions (small study groups with individual supervision).
  • In semesters 5 and 6 students choose the lectures and workshops they attend, according to their interests and abilities, from a wide range on offer. This opens the door to a particular specialisation or a broadly-based qualification in engineering science.

This degree course will nor only qualify you to start your professional working life but also to go on to do an Master degree.

Specialization opportunities

In semesters 5-6 students create their own study plan. Based on their particular interests, they can select teaching sessions from a study catalogue. This means they are able to put together a study plan relating to a specific area and also one which is basic knowledge-related or intersectorial.

  • Energy and process technology
  • Development and construction
  • Automobile and motor technology
  • Aeronautics
  • General mechanical engineering
  • Theoretical mechanical engineering
  • Management in mechanical engineering
  • Mechatronics and robotics
  • Medical technology and assistance systems
  • Nuclear technology
  • Production and logistics

Whatever specialisation you choose, you will be qualified to study for a Master degree.

Content of the degree course

In semester 1 you will begin by building on what you learnt at school and this knowledge will be broadened during the first year of the degree course:

  • Mathematics (eg. systems of linear equations, vectors and matrices, differential and integral calculus, matrix factorisation, multivariate analysis)
  • Chemistry (eg. atom design, compounds, chemical reactions, metals, non-metals, organic chemistry)
  • Physics (eg. mechanics, electrical science, optics)

Alongside these subjects students will broaden their knowledge of the basics of:

  • Electrical science (basics of drive technology, as well as electronics)
  • Technical mechanics (resting bodies in statics and electrostatics, time-independent deformations and stresses)
  • Information technology (linking the basics of electrotechnology with those of informatics to solve problems in mechanical and plant engineering)
  • CAD and machine design (creation, understanding and analysis of technical drawings)
  • Modelling of uncertainties and data in mechanical engineering (probability calculation, carrying out statistical tests, description of engineering science problems in the presence of uncertainties)
  • Soft skills for students (workshops at the beginning of the degree course and productive organisation while studying)

Having learnt the basics, in semesters 3-4 students will learn:

  • Mathematics (Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transformations)
  • Technical mechanics (kinematic systems)
  • Control engineering (use of mathematical knowledge to describe stability and attenuation, as well as amplitude and phase/frequency gears)
  • Material science (eg. classification of materials, characteristics of materials)
  • Machine elements (eg. strength and design calculations, construction of gear transmissions)
  • Fluid mechanics (eg. behaviour of fluids and gases, conservation laws for mass, impulse and energy)
  • Thermodynamics (eg. fundamentals of thermodynamics, description of state, circular processes)
  • Heat-transmission phenomena (eg. heat-transmission mechanisms, calculation of heat flow)

While the modules in the four semesters of the foundation degree are compulsory, all modules in semesters 5-6 (except for the module „Mechanical Tools – the translation of engineering problems into mathematical problems and their solution with appropriate modelling“ and the Bachelor thesis with scientific research) can be chosen freely by the student.

What skills will you acquire?

In the first part of the degree course, while is devoted to fundamental knowledge, students will be introduced to the classical natural sciences of physics and chemistry, as well as mathematics and technical electrical science. Central to this part of the course is for the students to gain an understanding of the essential concepts of each discipline, so that they will be able to work independently, describe relevant processes both qualitatively and mathematically quantitatively, and to use laws and formulas to define problems.

This fundamental knowledge will be added to and expanded with engineering-specific basic subjects, such as technical mechanics, technical drawings, machine elements and information technology. Using technical mechanics, students will learn to formulate and solve mechanical questions contained in engineering problems themselves, initially on an abstract mathematical level. In the courses on technical drawing and machine elements, this knowledge will be translated into complex technical drawings, so that the students are able to develop solutions for the construction of parts which are suitable for production, stress and assembly, to select and configure suitable parts, and to represent them using CAD systems. Apart from communicating a basic knowledge of information technology (eg. computer architecture), students will be enabled to determine and analyse real-time systems for specific control systems, as well as to write relevant program code using the programming language C. Of overriding importance will be to learn how to model engineering problems in view of uncertainties on the basis of probability theory.

The foundation degree course will be rounded off with modules on material science, control engineering, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics and heat transmission. Here students will use what they have learnt in the first year of the degree to make a pre-selection of suitable materials, based on concrete requirements of the materials, and also to develop defined material characteristics. In addition, the students will now understand how to describe a machine as a thermodynamic system, as well as how to analyse and evaluate the system in view of the heat transmission which takes place in it. They will also have developed the ability to analyse technical flows and have a phenomenological understanding of the effects of friction and turbulence. The ability to describe, analyse and configure dynamically active influenced systems is trained intensively in the control engineering module. With this well-founded knowledge of scientific principles, theories and methods, students will be able to work successfully on specific problems relating to mechanical engineering following specific paths to a solution for those problems.

Detailed information on the Bachelor degree course in Mechanical Engineering (aims, qualifications, etc.) can be found in the degree course documentation.

Study abroad during your degree course

Studying abroad

Would you like to study abroad for part of your degree? If so, why not apply for an exchange student place at one of TUM's many partner universities. Would you like to do an internship in another country? Here too there are many assistance schemes offered by TUM.

Pre-Degree Internship

Pre-Degree Internship before starting your degree course

Students require proof of at least 8 weeks pre-degree internship prior to commencement of their degree course in October. The aim of the internship is to gain experience in manufacture and production, industrial companies and dealing with colleagues and co-workers.

  • All information regarding the design and content of the internship can be found in the internship guidelines.
  • In justifiable, exceptional circumstances, eg. a stay abroad or time spent with the German federal volunteer service, the internship can be deferred until the study-free period after the first semester. The application form should be sent to the internship office.
  • If, due to the corona situation, it is not possible for you to complete your pre-degree internship in time for the start of your studies, you have the possibility to make up for the internship during the semester breaks of the first year of studies. For this purpose, please submit an informal deferment request to the Internship Office of the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
  • The recognition of vocational training, higher technical education or other qualifications, as well as referral applications, should be discussed with the internship office before enrolment.
  • You will find answers to any other questions in the PDF-File FAQ Praktikumsamt.

To assist you in finding an internship, the following list shows companies that have offered preliminary internships to students in the past. You can of course make an application to any company that offers internships that conform with our guidelines:

Recognition of the preliminary internship

Information about the recognition of the preliminary internship and about beginning your studies.

Application, admission and enrolment

From your application to beginning your study


  • Detailed information on application and enrolment
  • Department-specific information:
    • All teaching is held in German. International applicants therefore require a German language qualification certificate. The Department of Mechanical Engineering recommends a language level of C1 for all its degree programs, due to the high demands that the degree program also places on students' language skills.
    • Before a student is awarded a place, the Department of Mechanical Engineering will carry out an aptitude assessment.

Beginning of degree course

Information on the beginning of the degree course (eg. recognition of the pre-internship) can be found on the Beginning your studies site for current students.

Details of our aptitude assessment

A condition of acceptance to study is the successful completion of the aptitude assessment, based on a complete application submission. All applicants, who can prove their suitability during this process, will be awarded a place.

Suitability will be judged on:

  • average marks in the entrance qualification (eg. German Abitur),
  • marks for individual degree-related subjects (mathematics, German and at least one scientific or informatics subject which has been studied to university entrance qualification level) and
  • extracurricula qualifications (eg. apprenticeship, internship, participation in competitions, etc.).

The diagram below shows the aptitude assessment procedure based on a general entrance qualification (Abitur).

  • Very good applicants will be accepted directly.
  • All applicants who have achieved total marks between c. 2.0-c. 2.6 in the Abitur will be invited to a selection interview. During the interview, the candidates will have the possibility to convince their interviewers of the candidates suitability to study mechanical engineering.
  • Applicants who have not achieved total marks of c. 2.6 will be turned down automatically.

Please note: Should one or more mark relating to a degree-relevant subject not be shown in the results certificate, although the applicant has passed the Abitur with a very high mark, they will still be required to attend an interview.

Details on the process for applicants with other university entrance qualifications can be found in the Statutes on Aptitude Assessment (Satzung über die Eignungsfeststellung).

Further information on the aptitude assessment

Motivation statement

A major part of your application for the aptitude assessment will be a written statement giving your reasons for choosing a particular degree course and the Technical University of Munich as your university of choice. This motivation statement should be no longer than two pages and must be written in German. This statement is particularly important as the basis for a possible interview.

The statement must be written by yourself without help; your signature on the application form will confirm this. The text should include the abilities, particular talents, interests and career ambitions which make you particularly suited to study your selected degree course at TUM. Further information on your personal background or special qualifications, such as extracurricula commitments, may also be added to illustrate your suitability (please include proof with your application).

The interview

In the second stage of the aptitude assessment you will be invited to an interview with a professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering,. Based on the interview, together with the average mark in your university entrance examination, your suitability for the degree course you have chosen will be assessed.

The interview will not take place in summer 2021 at the Garching site of the Technical University of Munich as usual, but will be conducted in a video conference. You will receive more information on the procedure via the invitation mail. The interview will last about 20 minutes. The interview is intended to ascertain if you will be able to reach the goal of the degree course with its particular research-oriented focus, working independently and responsibly, building on fundamental scientific knowledge.

The interview will cover the following (for details see statute):

  • mathematical skills which can be used to solve engineering science problems
  • knowledge in the fields of technology and science, and the ability to use current concepts and terminology in engineering science problem areas,
  • the ability to combine knowledge from methodically radically diverse subject areas for interdisciplinary problem-solving strategies,
  • extracurricula qualifications which are relevant to the degree course in question
  • language skills.

Please note that:

  • previous specialist scientific knowledge is not decisive, unless you are applying for a higher, specialisation semester,
  • you must confirm during the interview that you are suitable for the degree course you have chosen,
  • the date of the interview will be sent to you by e-mail and is compulsory,
  • you will not be entitled to an interview date of your choice or to change the date which has been arranged for you.

Dates and Deadlines

  • The application portal is activated about two month before the application deadline.
  • Deadline for degree courses starting in the winter semester: 31 July 2021
    The later application deadline is again an exception in view of the Covid 19 pandemic and takes into account the later final examinations.
  • Deadline for degree courses starting in the winter semester: 15 July
  • Deadline for degree courses commencing in the summer semester: 15 January
    (This is only possible if you are changing universities or courses, or if you are entering a higher specialisation semester.)
  • Interview dates:
    • Tuesday, 28 July 2020
    • Wednesday, 29 July 2020
    • Thursday, 30 July 2020
    • Tuesday, 04 August 2020
    • Wednesday, 05 August 2020
    • Thursday, 06 August 2020
    • Wednesday, 9 September 2020
    • Thursday, 10 September 2020
    • Friday, 11 September 2020
    • Further dates, especially in the first half of September, can be added as required.
  • Start of degree course and lecture period

Summary: Facts on the Bachelor degree course in Mechanical Engineering

  • New students may only start their degree course in the winter semester
  • Final degree: Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)
  • Tuition language: German
  • Main location: Garching near Munich
  • No. of semesters required to complete course: 6 semesters
  • 8-week preliminary internship (production) required before commencing degree course (by beginning of October)
  • Fees and financial aid
  • Full-time degree course
  • Semesters 1-4: Foundation degree course with set curriculum
  • Semester 5-6: specialisation possible
  • Study abroad is possible

Download degree course brochure