Thermodynamics I

Lecturer (assistant)
Duration3 SWS
TermWintersemester 2018/19

Description

The following subjects are covered:

  • Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics:
    • Thermodynamic systems
    • Properties and states of a system
    • Thermodynamic equilibrium
    • Temperature
    • The ideal-gas equation of state;
  • The First Law of Thermodynamics:
    • Different forms of energy (work, heat, and internal energy)
    • The first law applied to closed systems
    • Enthalpy
    • The first law applied to open systems
    • Thermodynamic property relations and specific heats of ideal gases
    • Processes of ideal gases
    • Compression and expansion processes
  • The Second Law of Thermodynamics:
    • Reversible and irreversible processes
    • Entropy and the thermodynamic temperature scale
    • Entropy balance
    • Specific irreversible processes and their entropy balance
    • Exergy balance applied to closed and open systems
  • Thermodynamic Property Relations of Matter:
    • Thermodynamic property relations of gases and vapors
    • Systems with multiple phases
    • Properties of water vapor
  • Thermodynamic Cycles:
    • The Carnot cycle
    • Caloric engines and gas turbines
    • Operation mode of internal combustion engines
    • The Clausius-Rankine cycle for vapor power cycles
    • Refrigeration cycle and heat pumps
    • Efficiencies of cycles with and without phase-change
  • Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics:

    • Thermodynamic systems;
    • Properties and states of a system;
    • Thermodynamic equilibrium;
    • Temperature;
    • The ideal-gas equation of state;

  • The First Law of Thermodynamics:

    • Different forms of energy (work, heat, and internal energy);
    • The first law applied to closed systems;
    • Enthalpy;
    • The first law applied to open systems;
    • Thermodynamic property relations and specific heats of ideal gases;
    • Processes of ideal gases;
    • Compression and expansion processes;

  • The Second Law of Thermodynamics:

    • Reversible and irreversible processes;
    • Entropy and the thermodynamic temperature scale; 
    • Entropy balance;
    • Specific irreversible processes and their entropy balance;
    • Exergy balance applied to closed and open systems;

  • Thermodynamic Property Relations of Matter:

    • Thermodynamic property relations of gases and vapors;
    • Systems with multiple phases;
    • Properties of water vapor;

  • Thermodynamic Cycles:

    • The Carnot cycle;
    • Caloric engines and gas turbines;
    • Operation mode of internal combustion engines;
    • The Clausius-Rankine cycle for vapor power cycles;
    • Refrigeration cycle and heat pumps;
    • Efficiencies of cycles with and without phase-change;